ANAEMIA - A Common But Curable Disease !
Anaemia has been a global issue, in India's context ~51.43 % of Indian Population was anemic (2016), majority of the affected population is pregnant women and children under the age of 5 years.
Anaemia is a condition in which there is a reduced number of red blood cells count or hemoglobin is less than normal count. Hemoglobin is a part of Red Blood cells which binds oxygen. It occurs when the body doesn’t make enough red blood cells, due to blood loss and immune disorders. Due to low blood cell count it decreases oxygen delivery to every tissue in the body. It can be short or long term condition, ranging from mild to severe.
It can cause a variety of signs and symptoms or it can worsen the state of many other underlying medical conditions. These signs may include fatigue, weakness, pale or yellowish skin, irregular heartbeats, dizziness, chest pain, breathlessness, headache, cold hands and feet. The treatment varies majorly, firstly the underlying cause has to be identified and corrected. Most of the times, Iron supplements or blood transfusions will be needed depending on the severity.
Many forms of anaemia can be prevented by having the right kind of balanced diet that includes a variety of vitamins and nutrients which includes Iron, folate, Vitamin B12 and Vitamin C, adding these common iron rich foods in the diet will improve the iron levels. Animal sources include liver (from chicken or lamb), sardines, eggs, red meat and the Plant sources include legumes (such as lentils, beans and chickpeas), tofu, tempeh, pumpkin and sunflower seeds, nuts, wholegrain cereals, dried apricots and vegetables such as kale, broccoli, spinach and green peas.